The deaths of spectators in pusuit of watching football is as old as the game itself. Time and time again the finger of responsibility points at the police, the grounds and mismanagement of stadiums and general disregard for the safety of fans. After each disaster we are told "It will never happen again" but history shows us that this is never the reality. The following records of football related disasters provide a chilling reminder of the price ordinary supporters have paid to watch a game of football.
The following list of football related disasters is by no means complete and does not include recent 'near misses' like the lights failure at Old Trafford, the crush at Exeter... if you know of any significant disasters that we should add to this list please email us.
|1902||Ibrox, Glasgow||26||500||Stand collapsed.|
|1914||Hillsborough, Sheffield||-||75||Wall collapsed.|
|1964||Lima, Peru||318||500||Police fired - panic.|
|1968||Argentina||74||150||Seventy four people are killed and more than 150 are injured when spectators mistakenly headed towards a closed exit after a first division match in Buenos Aires. The fans at the front of the melee are crushed to death against the doors by other fans unaware of the closed passageway at the back.|
|1968||Tripoli||30||120||Police fired - panic.|
|1971||Ibrox||69||140||The Old Firm derby attracted enormous crowds and this game at Ibrox Stadium was no different.
The match was heading for a goalless draw until Celtic scored with a minute to go, prompting a mass exodus of disappointed Rangers fans.
Although Colin Stein scored for Rangers in the last minute for 1-1 draw, many Rangers supporters were still on their way out.
But with so many fans leaving at the same time, the downward force pushed many people trying to get out to the stadium onto the ground.
The momentum of the crowd meant that once people started to fall, there was no way of holding the mass of bodies back and 66 people lost their lives, with another 140 suffering injuries. .
|1976||Haiti||6||?||Police fired - panic.|
|1978||Orient, London||-||30||Barrier collapsed.|
|1979||Indonesia||12||?||Panic and crush.|
|1979||Lagos, Nigeria||24||27||Lights switched off-panic|
|1981||Greece||21||54||Locked gate - crush.|
|1982||Columbia||24||50||Panic and crush.|
|1982||Moscow||340||?||Three hundred and forty people were reportedly killed during a European Cup match in Moscow.
Police were blamed for the incident because they were said to have forced fans down a narrow, icy staircase before the end of the match. But when a late goal was scored, exiting fans tred to re-enter the stadium, crushing the people caught in the middle.
Russians officials attempted to claim the official casualty loss was only 61 and the police were not responsible for the disaster.
|1985||Brazil||3||25||Police fired - panic.|
|1985||Heysel, Belgium||39||240||Trouble began when fights broke out between rival English and Italian supporters at the European Cup final at the Heysel Stadium in Brussels. Police repeatedly clashed with fans, but when a wall separating the two sets of fans collapsed, a riot ensued, taking the lives of 39 spectators.|
|1985||Bradford||56||200||A stray lit cigarette stub ignited a wooden terrace section at Valley Parade.
Fire soon engulfed the stand, causing 56 people to lose their lives in one of the worst tragedies in English football.
|1988||Katmandu||71||200||At least 93 people were killed and 100 more were injured when fans attempted to flee from a hailstorm inside the stadium.
But they could not escape because the stadium doors are locked, causing a fatal crush at the front.
|1992||France||15||?||In May 1992, 15 fans died at a French cup semi-final when a stand collapsed.|
|2000||Harare, Zimbabwe||13||100's||Police fired teargas- panic.|
|2001||Ellis Park, South Africa||43||100's||Police fired teargas- panic.|
|2001||Lubumbashi, Congo||7||100's||Police fired teargas- panic.|
|2001||Ghana||126||100's||Panic set in when police fired tear gas.|
|2001||Sari, Iran||2||100's||Overcrowded stadium collapse.|